Dengue (DENG-gey) fever is a mosquito-borne disease that appears in steamy and semitropical areas of the world. Mild dengue fever a high fever and flu-like suggestions. So, the major form of it also known as dengue hemorrhagic fever can convert the reason for bleeding, a sudden drop in blood pressure (shock), and death.
Millions of examples of dengue infection take place worldwide each year. It is very common in Southeast Asia, the western Pacific islands, Latin America besides Africa. This disease has been expanding to new areas, including local outbreaks in Europe and southern fragments of the United States.
Investigators are working on its vaccines. There are many parts in which dengue is common. The best way to avoid infection is to avoid being bitten by mosquitoes and to take measures to lessen the mosquito populations.
Many people take no indications or symptoms of dengue infection. After that symptoms occur then people reason that it is the flu. The symptoms start after 4 to 10 days. 104 F (40 C) is the highest temperature for this, and the following are the signs and symptoms of dengue:
Muscle, bone, or joint pains
Pain Behind the Eyes
Many people get well within a week or so. In some cases, symptoms convert worst and can become dangerous. This is severe dengue, dengue hemorrhagic fever, or dengue shock syndrome.
Extreme dengue occurs when your blood vessels are damaged. Also, the number of your platelets also drops in it. This can go ahead to shock, internal bleeding, organ failure, and even death.
The symptoms, which typically begin within the first day or two of your fever subsiding, may include:
severe stomach pain
Bleeding from your gums or nose
Blooding in your urine, stools, or vomit
Bleeding under the skin, which might look like bruising
Difficult or rapid breathing
irritability or restlessness
Dengue fever is caused by any one of four types of dengue viruses. You can’t acquire dengue fever from the presence of a sick person. Instead of it, it is sprinkled through mosquito bites.
The two types of mosquitoes are common. When a mosquito bites a person contaminated through a dengue virus, and then the virus moves into the mosquito. If that disease-ridden mosquito bites another person, the virus then enters that person’s blood and then becomes the cause of an infection.
After you’ve been dried of dengue fever, you have lasting immunity to the type of virus that infected you. It means that you can be diseased again in the future by the other three virus types. Your chance of improving severe dengue fever increases if you take fever for the second, third, or fourth time.
You have a risk of getting dengue if
You are living or traveling in a tropical area
You have a dengue fever in the past
In those areas where dengue is common, the dengue fever vaccine is suitable for people ages 9 to 45 who have already faced dengue in the past. The people who do not have had dengue fever in the past (seronegative), receiving the vaccine appears to boost the risk of severe dengue.
Dengvaxia is not presented for travelers or for people who live in the continental United States. In 2019, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration certified the vaccine for people ages 9 to 16 who met dengue in the past and who live in the U.S. territories of American Samoa, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the U.S.